of the Red Cross /
ICRC, or IRK for Internazionales Rotes Kreuz in German was a private
humanitarian institution headquartered in Geneva. Founded by Henry Dunant
in 1859, a Swiss businessman who after witnessing the carnage and the
abandoned wounded soldiers after the battle of Solferino was prompted to
establish nursing services and medical care for the wounded in battle.
organization was devoted to tending to the wounded, to prisoners, to
refugees, to civilians in peril and other non-combatants. It is dedicated
to saving lives. The organization spawned the idea and the establishment
of the Geneva Convention.
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