International Committee of the Red Cross / ICRC

The ICRC, or IRK for Internazionales Rotes Kreuz in German was a private humanitarian institution headquartered in Geneva. Founded by Henry Dunant in 1859, a Swiss businessman who after witnessing the carnage and the abandoned wounded soldiers after the battle of Solferino was prompted to establish nursing services and medical care for the wounded in battle.

The organization was devoted to tending to the wounded, to prisoners, to refugees, to civilians in peril and other non-combatants. It is dedicated to saving lives. The organization spawned the idea and the establishment of the Geneva Convention.

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